Functional Medicine Exam

Determine Nutritional Deficiencies

A Functional Medicine Exam reveals 11 key bio-markers useful in determining nutritional deficiencies. This is a science based nutritional assessment.

What happens in a Functional Medicine Exam?

We will do a test in which you provide saliva and urine which is then tested for the following 11 key bio-markers:

  • pH
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Hydration
  • Adrenal Stress
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Protein Metabolism
  • Liver Stress/Toxicity
  • Cellular Respiration
  • Electrolytes
  • Anabolic/Catabolic
  • Kidney Stress

Once we receive your test results, we will be able to determine what’s going on at the cellular level, and can help to address the underlying cause of your health challenge. Based upon your test results, you will receive a report that will make nutritional recommendations to address the bio-markers above that are out of balance.

Bio-marker Details

pH Level

Analyzing your pH level determines whether your biochemistry is too acidic or too alkaline for your body to function as it should. The number of hydrogen ions present in a given fluid determines the pH value. When the body’s pH levels are not in balance, the body cannot function optimally. Such an imbalance affects, among other things, the body’s ability to utilize hormones effectively and also absorb nutrients and generate sufficient enzymatic activity. As a result, it’s possible for you to consume even the most bio-available nutrients and yet be unable to absorb or use them. pH imbalance also creates an environment that favors the growth of bacteria and other unwanted organisms, and it can indicate unhealthy levels of environmental or industrial toxins in the body. Unhealthy pH levels, particularly excess acidity, have been associated with a variety of degenerative diseases. For example, when our bodies are too acidic, the cells receive less oxygen; cancer thrives in an acidic, oxygen-deficient environment.

Antioxidant Level

Antioxidant level, or oxidative stress, measures the body’s cells’ ability to absorb or release electrons. The process of donating or accepting electrons is called oxidation and reduction, or redox. Redox potential indicates the amount of electrons available in a fluid that is being tested, and represents overall electron activity – the more available electrons the better. Our ability to produce antioxidants internally decreases as we age, and is also hampered by unhealthy environmental factors and lifestyle choices. High oxidative stress weakens the immune system and makes the body more susceptible to illness and disease. For this same reason, many degenerative diseases such as arthritis, diabetes, and cataracts are linked to the effects of free radicals.

Electrical Conductivity

Electrical conductivity, also known as resistivity, measures the level of electrically conductive ions in a biological fluid, or in other words, the body’s ability to conduct electrical currents. This is related to, among other things, the levels of minerals in the body, especially sodium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. When mineral levels are deficient, enzymatic reactions cannot occur effectively. If mineral concentrations are elevated, the fluids of the body can become stagnant and congested. Poor electrical conductivity also indicates that other imbalances are occurring, such as poor kidney function, unhealthy electrolyte levels, and a compromised lymphatic system. A compromised lymphatic system makes the body more vulnerable to infection and disease.

Urine Refractometry

Urine refractometry measures simple as well as complex carbohydrates. It is different than blood glucose testing which is important and should be tested on everyone. Urine refractometry is more about carbohydrate metabolism or, more to the point, impaired carbohydrate metabolism. Up until now it had been though that blood sugar problems were only a factor of problematic insulin production or uptake. But another serious function loss is reduced bicarbonate and proteolytic enzymes production. When acidosis is a result of poor carbohydrate metabolism, it is not only due to incomplete metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, but also due to the loss of bicarbonate production by the pancreas. It gives new perspective to the problems of sugar balance as a result of incomplete digestion and malabsorption. When the refractometry number is too high oxygen levels are reduced allowing anaerobic fermentation reaction at the cellular level.


Urea testing measures two types of nitrogen compounds in urine: Nitrate Nitrogen and Ammonium Nitrogen. The Nitrate Nitrogen is anionic and the Ammonium Nitrogen is cationic. Anions cause dispersion and cations cause agglutination in the body. When protein digestion is incomplete, the urea numbers will rise. The liver treats the undigested compounds as toxic. Improper digestion release amino acids that the liver cannot use so it acts on them as a toxin and converts them into nontoxic ureas. Urea is only nontoxic for about 72 hours, after that urea breaks down in soluble urea salts of Nitrate and Ammonium Nitrogen. Those salts are not healthy in large quantities because they change the osmotic pressure or permeability of the cells which, in turn, changes the flow and pressure of blood and liquids in the body. Blood thickening not only creates poor circulation but contributes to low oxygen levels.

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